Journal Articles

Cialone, Claudia, Tenbrink, Thora, and Spiers, Hugo J. (in press.) Sculptors, architects, and painters conceive of depicted spaces differently. Cognitive Science Journal. Video abstract Press release

Galati, Alexia, Panagiotou, Elisavet, Tenbrink, Thora, and Avraamides, Marios (in press). Dynamic strategy selection in collaborative spatial tasks. Discourse Processes.

Tenbrink, Thora, Andonova, Elena, Schole, Gesa, and Coventry, Kenny R. (in press). Communicative success in spatial dialogue: The impact of functional features and dialogic strategies. Language and Speech. Data source available at

Tenbrink, Thora. 2017. Situated interaction with a smart environment: Challenges and opportunities. KI - Kuenstliche Intelligenz (Artificial Intelligence) 31(3), 257-264.

Tenbrink, Thora, Bergmann, Evelyn, Hertzberg, Christoph, and Gondorf, Carsten. 2016. Time will not help unskilled observers to understand a cluttered spatial scene. Spatial Cognition and Computation 16:3, 192-219.

Tenbrink, Thora and Salwiczek, Lucie. 2016. Orientation and metacognition in virtual space. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance 42(5), 683-705. (Bangor Repository)

Brunye, T. T., Gagnon, S. A., Gardony, A. L., Gopal, N., Holmes, A., Taylor, H. A., & Tenbrink, T. 2015. Where did it come from, where do you go? Direction sources influence navigation decisions during spatial uncertainty. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology 68(3):585-607. DOI: 10.1080/17470218.2014.963131. (Bangor Repository)

Tenbrink, Thora. 2015. Cognitive Discourse Analysis: Accessing cognitive representations and processes through language data. Language and Cognition 7:1, 98 – 137. (Bangor Repository)

Tenbrink, Thora and Maas, Annika. 2015. Efficiently connecting textual and visual information in operating instructions. IEEE Transactions on Professional Communication 58:4, 346-366. (Bangor Repository)

Tenbrink, Thora and Holly A. Taylor. 2015. Conceptual transformation and cognitive processes in Origami paper folding. Journal of Problem Solving 8:1. (Bangor Repository)

Thomas, Ayanna, Chen, Caroline, Gordon, Leamarie, and Tenbrink, Thora. 2015. Choose Your Words Wisely: What Verbal Hesitation Indicates About Eyewitness Accuracy. Applied Cognitive Psychology 29:5, 735–741. (Bangor Repository)

Tenbrink, Thora, Kathleen Eberhard, Hui Shi, Sandra Kuebler, and Matthias Scheutz. 2013. Annotation of negotiation processes in joint-action dialogues. Dialogue and Discourse 4:2. (Bangor Repository)

Taylor, Holly and Thora Tenbrink. 2013. The spatial thinking of Origami: Evidence from think-aloud protocols. Cognitive Processing 14:189-191. (Bangor Repository)

Juhasz, Orsolya Emoke, Thora Tenbrink, and Barbara Grueter. 2012. Visual versus verbal location information on the iPhone. Kuenstliche Intelligenz 26:2, 183-186. (Bangor Repository)

Hoelscher, Christoph, Thora Tenbrink, and Jan Wiener. 2011. Would you follow your own route description? Cognition 121: 228-247.

Tenbrink, Thora. 2011. Reference frames of space and time in language. Journal of Pragmatics 43:3, 704-722.

Tenbrink, Thora, Elena Andonova, and Kenny R. Coventry. 2011. Spatial strategies in the description of complex configurations. Discourse Processes 48:237-266.

Tenbrink, Thora and Inessa Seifert. 2011. Conceptual Layers and Strategies in Tour Planning. Cognitive Processing 12:109-125.

Andonova, Elena, Thora Tenbrink, and Kenny R. Coventry. 2010. Function and Context Affect Spatial Information Packaging at Multiple Levels. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review 17, 575-580.

Bateman, John, Joana Hois, Robert Ross, and Thora Tenbrink. 2010. A Linguistic Ontology of Space for Natural Language Processing. Artificial Intelligence 174: 1027-1071.

Freksa, Christian, Holger Schultheis, Kerstin Schill, Thora Tenbrink, Thomas Barkowsky, Christoph Hoelscher, and Bernhard Nebel. 2010. Spatial Cognition: Reasoning, Action, Interaction. Kuenstliche Intelligenz 24, 329-334.

Tenbrink, Thora, Robert J. Ross, Kavita E. Thomas, Nina Dethlefs, and Elena Andonova. 2010. Route instructions in map-based human-human and human-computer dialogue: a comparative analysis. Journal of Visual Languages and Computing 21:5, 292-309. DOI: 10.1016/j.jvlc.2010.07.001

Tenbrink, Thora and Jan Wiener. 2009. The verbalization of multiple strategies in a variant of the traveling salesperson problem. Cognitive Processing 10:2, 143-161.

Tenbrink, Thora and Stephan Winter. 2009. Variable Granularity in Route Directions. Spatial Cognition and Computation 9, 64-93.

Wiener, Jan and Thora Tenbrink. 2008. Traveling salesman problem: The human case. KI 1/08 Themenheft KI und Kognition, arenDTaP Verlag, pp. 18-22.

Bateman, John, Thora Tenbrink, and Scott Farrar. 2007. The Role of Conceptual and Linguistic Ontologies in Discourse. Dialogue Modelling: Computational and Empirical Approaches. Special Issue of Discourse Processes, 44(3), 175-213.

Moratz, Reinhard and Thora Tenbrink. 2006. Spatial reference in linguistic human-robot interaction: Iterative, empirically supported development of a model of projective relations. Spatial Cognition and Computation 6:1,63-106.

Tenbrink, Thora, Kerstin Fischer, and Reinhard Moratz. 2002. Spatial Strategies in Human-Robot Communication. Kuenstliche Intelligenz 4/02 Themenheft Spatial Cognition, ISSN 0933-1875, arendtap Verlag, Bremen (Germany).

Moratz, Reinhard, Kerstin Fischer, and Thora Tenbrink. 2001. Cognitive Modelling of Spatial Reference for Human-Robot Interaction. International Journal On Artificial Intelligence Tools, 10:4.